Meet Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s Parents: Bhimabai Sakpal and Ramji Maloji

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, an eminent figure in Indian history, is celebrated for his pivotal role as a jurist, economist, politician, and social reformer. His parents, Bhimabai Sakpal and Ramji Maloji Sakpal, played a crucial role in shaping his early life and values. This article delves into their personal and professional lives, illuminating the foundations of Dr. Ambedkar’s remarkable journey.

Summary Table

Dr. Babasaheb AmbedkarIndian Jurist, Economist, Politician, Social Reformer
ContributionChief Architect of the Indian Constitution
MotherBhimabai Sakpal
FatherRamji Maloji Sakpal
Ramji Maloji’s ProfessionArmy Officer (Subedar)
Bhimabai’s ContributionInstilled values of courage, honesty, and self-respect in children
Family’s Caste BackgroundMahar Caste (Considered Untouchable)
Dr. Ambedkar’s AncestryOriginated from Ambadave village, Maharashtra

Early Life and Background of Bhimabai and Ramji Maloji

Bhimabai Sakpal: The Nurturing Mother

Bhimabai Sakpal, born on February 14, 1854, married Ramji Sakpal at a young age and accompanied him to various military postings. She was a devoted mother, ensuring the education and welfare of her children. Despite the early death of many of her 14 children, Bhimabai’s strength and values were instrumental in Dr. Ambedkar’s upbringing.

Ramji Maloji Sakpal: The Disciplined Father

Ramji Maloji Sakpal, an army officer with the rank of Subedar, was known for his discipline and dedication. His military background and commitment to education played a significant role in Dr. Ambedkar’s early life, providing a stable and supportive environment despite the prevalent caste discrimination.

Dr. Ambedkar’s Formative Years

Impact of Bhimabai’s Passing

Bhimabai’s death in 1896 was a pivotal moment in young Ambedkar’s life. Her demise deeply affected him, as reflected in his autobiography, where he describes it as the “greatest tragedy” of his life. This event marked a turning point, shaping his resolve and future endeavors.

The Mahar Caste Struggle

The family’s background in the Mahar caste, considered untouchable in the Hindu social hierarchy, exposed them to severe discrimination. This reality influenced Dr. Ambedkar’s later work in advocating for social equality and justice for marginalized communities.

The Ambedkar Family’s Legacy

Ancestry and Name Changes

The Ambedkar family’s roots trace back to Ambadave village in Maharashtra. Throughout their lives, they underwent several name changes due to various circumstances, reflecting the social dynamics of the time.

Overcoming Barriers

Despite the challenges of caste and poverty, the family’s pursuit of education and success set a remarkable example. Dr. Ambedkar’s achievements, including multiple degrees in law, economics, and political science, were a testament to his family’s resilience and determination.